Calculus Online: Lab 1
Welcome to our computer lab! Our aim for today's lab is to
introduce you to some of the skills which will help you take advantage
of our online resources and successfully complete the subsequent labs.
You will not receive a mark for
so relax and enjoy your
experience today. If you have difficulties at any point, don't hesitate
to contact one of the lab assistants. Let's jump in now!
Moving about on the page
As you read this on the computer screen, you might wonder what all the
stuff on the top of the screen does. Don't worry: we'll introduce
you to that later. However, we would like to show you the scroll bar
on the side of the page. It looks like the picture just to
the right. This can help you position the text that you want to read
in the center of the screen. To use it, simply move the mouse so that
the pointer is on top of the scroll bar. Now hold down the
left mouse button and drag the scroll bar down and then back
up. Do you notice how the text moves in the window? This will enable
you to expose new text after you have read what is visible on your screen.
Your first task
Since there are so many resources available to you online, we would like
you to be comfortable reading a piece of text on the screen. Below
are a few short paragraphs. After you read them, answer the question
A Brief History of Calculus
The subject of Calculus, as we think of it now, was independently
developed by two mathematicians in the seventeenth century. One of
these was Isaac Newton (shown to the right), an eccentric Englishman
born in the year 1642,
the year of Galileo's death. Newton was a bit of an introvert,
preferring to avoid human contact as much as possible. His great
work, the Principia Mathematica, is often cited as the most
influential book of modern times.
The other developer of Calculus was Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
(shown to the left),
a German who lived from 1646 to 1716. In contrast to the reclusive
Newton, Leibniz was out-going and gregarious and sometimes even called
a "ladies' man". His accomplishments range widely: besides being a
mathematician, he was also a philosopher and respected statesman.
Leibniz was the first to publish his work though evidence indicates
Newton had worked out many of the ideas ahead of Leibniz without
publishing them. This issue of who was more deserving of
credit for the discovery of Calculus began a bitter feud between the
two men which was enthusiastically pursued by their fellow countrymen.
Now here is a question. To answer, move the pointer over
the box next to the correct answer and click to select it. You should
see the box change colour. If you change your mind, simply click beside
your new answer.
Select the statement below that is most true.
- (a) Newton was a respected statesman.
- (b) Leibniz published his work first.
- (c) Everyone got along famously.
- (d) The Principia Mathematica is a forgotten work.
- (e) Leibniz died at an early age.
Making a Selection
Next, we'd like to ask you to choose your favourite shape from a
list. To do this, position the pointer over the region below
which says "Click here." As you hold the mouse button down, you
will see a list of options appear. Still holding the mouse button
down, drag the pointer until it lies above your choice. When
you release the mouse button, the list of options should go away
and your favourite shape will appear below. You can change your mind
as many times as you like!
What appears below is an interactive diagram of the sort we'll see
frequently in our labs.
Begin by making sure that Part a is selected in the diagram.
You should see a line passing through the origin (the
point (0,0)) and a point represented by a dot on the line (if
you have a colour monitor, you'll see that the dot is red). You
can change the slope of the line by moving the dot with
the mouse. Use the mouse to position the pointer over the dot,
hold the left mouse button down and drag the point to a new position.
Remember that the slope of a line is the ratio of the
change in vertical distance to the change in horizontal distance. In
other words, the slope of a line measures the "steepness" of a
line. Use the mouse to modify the line so that its slope of 1.5.
Now select Part b in the diagram. You should see a line
and two points on the line. The line may be modified by moving the
Modify the line so that it has the equation:
That's it for this part of the lab. Now comes the important
part: you can save your work using the
tool below. Enter your login ID (the name you used to log in with) and
student number into the correct fields. Then press the
Save button to save your work. You will then see a message
confirming that you have saved your work. If you want to change some
of your work later, you can load your saved work
by using the Load button. Each week you
will need to save your work when you have finished the lab. You may save
as often as you like, but only the last thing you save will be
Send us an email message
Now we'd like you to send us an email message. This is a message
which will be delivered electronically to us. It can be anything
you'd like us to read; for instance, tell us how you like the lab so
far. You can do this in either one of two ways.
First, you could move the mouse into the gray background area. Then
hold down the right button and pull down to select "Email". A new
window will appear: type "c" to compose a message and use
"email@example.com" as the address and "Test Message" as the subject.
Alternatively, you can click on the underlined text below. Netscape
may ask you if some can build some new directories and you should just
say "Yes". Eventually, a new box will come up with our email address
already entered into a box which says "Mail To:". On the subject
line, please type "Test Message" and then enter your message. Once
the message is set up, click on the button at the top of the box which
reads "Send." That's all there is to it.
Now click on the underlined text to send us an email message.
We hope to receive your comments often during the term.
Congratulations! You have completed your first lab. Remember
that this lab does not count for a mark. However, subsequent labs
will count and you will be able to find your marks and solutions by
checking the labs page of our web site. So that you get some practice
in doing so, you will be able to find solutions to this lab after 28
If you have never used a
web browser before, we have a short tutorial on using Netscape for
you. It can be accessed by clicking on the underlined text below.
This is called a hypertext link and it is very
much like turning the page in a book. We'll discuss this a bit more
in the tutorial.
If you are already a Netscape expert, please go to the tutorial
and follow the link at the bottom of that page to go to our home
page. From there, you can explore as you wish.
Click here to go the Netscape tutorial.